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Abstract


An Evaluation on the Concept of Detachment in Eckhart’s Mystical Thought
Johannes Eckhart, known as Meister Eckhart, was born in Thuringia in 1260 and is perhaps one of the most important theologians, mystics and philosophers of the Middle Ages. In addition to the Eckhart was correlated with his science education and academic studies in Paris in some crowdsourcing, he was also connected with his experience in convent life. Thus, Eckhart played an important role in giving to Christian mysticism a deep perspective and systematizing it because of his monastery experience and the unconventional interpretations of mystical and metaphysical issues in his works. Some certain concepts have a central place in the structure of Eckhart's mystical thought: Birth of God (Gottesgeburt), detachment (Abgeschiedenheit), breakthrough (durchbruch), calmness (Gelassenheit). Among these terms, the concept of the ‘‘birth of God'' can be seen as one of the most important terms in the formation of Eckhart's vision of God. As a matter of fact, because of the meaning, he attributed to the concept of the trinity, Eckhart was judged by the church claiming that he distorted belief in the trinity and rejected the religion. The concept of detachment has evolved into an ontological and metaphysical meaning in his works by capturing the state of the person, before its existence, dissolving the mind from all images, pictures and purposes, and transcending its meaning to the meaning of self-knowledge. This article aims to contribute to the understanding of the mystical thought, of Eckhart, who is described as the father of medieval mystical thought by examining the concept of detachment in depth.

Keywords
Mysticism, Middle Ages, Dominikan order, Eckhart, detachment.


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