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Abstract


Intentional Stance, Design Stance and Physical Stance
According to Dennett, The Physical Stance explains objects in terms of their physical elements, while the Design Stance explains objects through the analysis of their design features. The Intentional Stance, independent of the former stances, explains the behavior of the object in terms of the intentional states attributed to that object. Intentional states that are ascribed to the object depend only on pragmatic grounds; a metaphysical commitment to their existence is out of the question. For Dennett, mental states are not real; just like in the concept of longitude, latitude and number, they do not refer to anything in the contingent world. The main reason for Dennnett’s denial of the reality of mental states is based on his challenge to the distinction between original and derived intentionality. In the first section of this essay, I will explain Dennett’s three widely-known explanatory frameworks. In the second section, I will explain Dennett’s reason for the refusal of original intentionality and I will argue for the claim that none of the examples he provided to support his refusal actually supports his refusal. In the conclusion section, I will point out two essential weak spots in Dennett’s claim.

Keywords
Dennett, intentional stance, kinds of intentionality, representation, intensionality.


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