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Abstract


Criticism of Kant's Conception of Freedom in Adorno
Adorno, who has critical thoughts on the positivist perspective that is the core of the philosophy of Enlightenment and the mental comprehension to which positivism depends, states that Kant's notion of freedom, which puts strictly adhesion to the law in the center, is an abstract, disconnected from experience, compelling/oppressive nature. Accordingly, Kant, who activates the mind against the blind power of nature, explains the free action as to act according to the pure mind. In Kant, which approaches moral laws as freedom laws, freedom is considered as the law that both is to use of the mind in an absolute manner and must be obeyed and treated accordingly. In this context, Adorno implies that Kant's moral philosophy is structured in such a way as not to allow it to act otherwise, although it does not have authoritarian thoughts. This study which is based on Adorno’s thoughts aims to evaluate Kant's understanding of freedom in four parts within the above-mentioned framework: (i) Freedom as a balancing force against the causality of nature, (ii) freedom disconnected from experience and spiritualized, (iii) freedom to express action by centering the law, (iv) freedom intertwined with bourgeois work ethic.

Keywords
Adorno, Kant, freedom, causality, law.


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