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Abstract


Scientific Thought Experiments in the Context of the Norton-Brown Debate
The question of where the knowledge comes from when we conduct thought experiments has been one of the most fundamental issues discussed in the epistemological position of thought experiments. In this regard, Pierre Duhem shows a skeptical attitude on the subject by stating that thought experiments cannot be evaluated as real experiments or cannot be accepted as an alternative to real experiments. James R. Brown, on the other hand, states that thought experiments, which are not based on new experimental evidence or logically derived from old data, called the Platonic thought experiment, provide intuitive access to a priori knowledge. Unlike Brown, John D. Norton strictly criticizes the idea that thought experiments provide mysterious access to the knowledge of the physical world, and states that thought experiments cannot provide knowledge that transcends empiricism. In the context of the Norton-Brown debate, in this article, Brown's stance on thought experiments is supported by critically analyzing the thoughts put forward on the subject.

Keywords
Thought experiment, a priori knowledge, the argument thesis, Platonic thought experiments.


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