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Abstract


Philosophical and Psychological Analysis of Memory Criterion in Personal Identity Problem
In the problem of personal identity, the necessary and sufficient conditions that allow the person to perceive themselves as the same person despite all the changes over time are questioned. The theories that try to explain the problem of personal identity can be examined under two main headings; reductionist and nonreductivist theories. Nonreductive theories deny that personal identity can be explained by reducing it to simpler sub-processes. Reductionist theories suggest that personal identity can be explained by reducing to physical or psychological sub-processes. The memory criterion is considered to be cyclical because it has to be accepted that the person is the same person as the past person to remember his or her own past. In order to circumvent the cyclic argument, the Quasy-memory argument is proposed. The quasi-memory argument is based mainly on the assumption that the person who experiences a past event and the person who remembers it does not have to be the same person. It will be noted that memory systems have evolved to assist future planned behavior and will be claimed that memory systems have no purpose to provide personal identity.

Keywords
Personal identity, memory systems, cyclic argument, Quasi-memory.


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