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Abstract


On Edmund Husserl's Crisis Analysis
In the most general sense, phenomenology is a philosophical project that investigates how consciousness is related to the world. By tracing the tracks of idealism back to the classical period, we see that the problem is not new; i.e. we identify the problem in different terminologies throughout the history of philosophy. For instance, Kant's theoretical philosophy constitutes the very example of, the most ambitious confrontation with this problem. The following discussion, about the problem of synthetic a priori, was based on Kant’s attitude which makes a connection between the sensual and intellectual world by Kant. Phenomenology, in modern usage, tries to jump one step further to focus, the interaction of world and consciousness. Phenomenology, fundamentally, emerges from Edmund Husserl’s (1859-1938) reaction to psychologism. Husserl asserts that psychologism is responsible for the intellectual crisis of European sciences. In this paper, I show the historical and scientific background of this assertion and attempt to show the foundations of phenomenology by means of Husserl’s analysis of the crisis.

Keywords
Edmund Husserl, phenomenology, psychologism, Galilei, crisis, Lebenswelt.


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