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Abstract


Evil in the Philosophy of Ibn Rushd
Evil, one of the most debated issues in the religious and philosophical field, has been dealt with in different planes and different paradigms by the theologians and philosophers from antiquity to the present and many arguments have been developed. Ibn Rushd, Islamic philosopher and Aristotle commentator, addressed the issue of evil within the context of religious references and in the footsteps of Aristotle, with religious/theological and philosophical dimensions. He opposed the views of theological Ash?arite school and Sophists. However, since Ibn Rushd did not write an independent tractate or a work on the issue of evil, the information related to the subject is found as scattered passages in his works. In this respect, the fact that the knowledge regarding the issue of evil is treated in the works of Ibn Rushd in the religious/philosophical and philosophical contexts with a fragmentary approach constitutes the greatest difficulty in determining his basic arguments. This article discusses Ibn Rushd's ideas regarding the evil around the concepts of goodness, evil, relativism, hidayah (God-inspired guidance) heresy -ontological, phenomenological inayah (divine grace) and matter with a holistic perspective.

Keywords
God, Ibn Rushd, evil, sophist, Ash'ari, inayah.


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