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Abstract


Logical Structure of the Concept of 'Particular' and Its Uses in Turkish
Turkish words such as “bazı” (some), “en az bir” (at least one) and “birkaç” (a few) show a particular extension and indicate a partial loading to the subject of the sentence. This situation, which seems simple at first glance, is the result of the ontological relationship of these two concepts in simple propositions consisting of subject and predicate. The universal and particular propositions appear in four standard forms depending on whether they are positive or negative. The subject and predicate of these propositions also consist of universal concepts. Thus, the style of the species-genus relationship within the sentence structure of the two universal concepts leads to the universal or particular of the proposition. In addition, the proposition suggests the existence or the absence as a result due to the emphasis of the particular to the existence and of the universal to the absence. This study will show that there is an existential load of the particular by discussing these relations at the conceptual and propositional level and exhibiting ontological aspects.

Keywords
particular, universal, existence, absence, logic, subject, predicate


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