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Abstract


Number and Quantity Perception from Mathematical to Metaphysics in the context of Avicenna and Ikhwan al-Safa
The issue of number and quantity is the most fundamental subject of the philosophy of mathematics, which has been discussed for thousands of years and is still not fully defined. In this article, the thoughts of two major schools of philosophy such as the Ikhni-i Safa community and Avicenna (Ibn Sina) on the concepts of number and quantity were examined in Islamic philosophy. The Ikhwan-al-Safa, who was deeply influenced by the Pythagorean doctrine, considered the numbers as the basic principle of everything and the Pythagorean understanding with the Ikhwan became a part of the understanding of Islam. On the other hand, Avicenna who adhered to Aristotle tradition discussed the concepts of continuous and discrete quantity in the context of categories and in the context of the principle of independence of the types.

Keywords
Ikhwan al-Safa, Avicenna, number, quantity, philosophy of mathematics, Aristotle, Pythagoras.


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