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Abstract


Social Concepts in al-Farabi’s Philosophy: A Beginning Study
Islamic philosopher, the Second Master, Abu Nasr al-Farabi is a social philosopher as can be understood from his works. Indeed, society is one of the most fundamental subjects of al-Farabi’s philosophy. Because, for al-Farabi, human and the happiness of human comes at the beginning of everything. Human is a social entity by its very nature, and therefore the happiness of human is directly connected with society and that social life is obligatory for a human. Social life, that people live together and within society is a compulsory aspect of human and him/her happiness. When this aspect is carefully examined, it is understood that al-Farabi tries to reveal a social conception from on key concepts such as human, happiness, medina (city, society, politics), civilization, community, ijtima (getting together, meeting), ma'mura, need, helping one another, society, tribe, ummah, religion, millah, etc. In this work made by utilizing the relevant books of al-Farabi and other sources related the issue, the author tries to consider and understand the essential key concepts such as the happiness, will, need, helping one another, community, ijtima, tribe, ummah, people, human beings, madina, civilization, millah, religion and ma'mura in al-Farabi’s philosophy. These concepts are in the entrance of qualification to the Second Master’s social philosophy. Without understanding these concepts, it is not possible to understand the general society theme of al-Farabi.

Keywords
Al-Farabi, philosophy, city, society, social concepts.


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