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Abstract


On the Nature and Meaning of Number
This article is about the understanding of the definition of the number concept and its content in the context of arithmeticisation of analysis and discussions on the basis of mathematics in the nineteenth century. The issue will be addressed historically first and then the proposals for solutions by mathematicians such as Dedekind, Cantor, Peano, as well as by Frege, a logician, will be examined. The discussions on the foundations of arithmetic in the 1870s gained intensity. For mathematics to be a consistent and reliable science free from contradictions, the concept of number, the cornerstone of arithmetic, had to be precisely defined. In this article, the answer to the question of what the concept of number is and what its meaning is will be discussed.

Keywords
The concept of number, foundations of arithmetic, philosophy of mathematics, Dedekind, Frege.


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