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Abstract


Epistemological Context of Entity-Essence Distinction in Avicenna
Avicenna constructs its whole philosophical system with reference to the distinction between entity and essence. Things have both an entity and an essence. The existence of things is vir-tually two types in most general terms those are in the external world and in the mind. Things which become notion in the mind, since they necessarily need the phrases of language and statement, come into being in language and literature. Accordingly, existent things have four kind of existence manner, that entirely in the external world, in the mind, in language and in literature. Avicenna separates the essence as two parts. One is the essence in the external world, and other is the essence in the mind. Whereas the essence in the external world corresponds to the mutual nature belonging to beings in the external world, the essence in the mind corresponds to any certain concept in the mind.<

Keywords
Avicenna, entity, essence, epistemology, conception, affirmation.


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